Mudra: The Sacred Secret to Draw Energy & Bliss From Within | Indu Arora #087

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The ancient Vedic science of mudras is one that I’ve been inclined to explore for some time now. 
Mudras are much more than mere positions of hands or body parts that one can use to evoke a feeling or state of mind during meditation or yoga.
They are intricate and deeply significant “body holds” that allow us to draw forth different energies from within ourSelves that ultimately lead us to our natural & innate state of bliss (sat chit ananda).
For this episode I had the absolute pleasure to converse with Indu Arora. She is a powerful yogini and Ayurvedic Practitioner who has extensively studied and written about this ancient science of mudras. 
Get ready to explore with us a different and fresh side to Yoga; a side that is very rarely explained and presented in such a graceful, thorough & accessible manner.

About our guest: Indu Arora

Indu Arora is a student for lifetime.
She shares the Yogic and Ayurvedic wisdom which brings simplicity to our complex lives.
Indu is an author and public speaker who has been sharing simple, effective, practical, grounded ways of living life through Yoga, Yoga Therapy, Meditation and Ayurveda since 1999 and she is going to do that for the rest of her life.
Indu Arora

In this Episode we Discuss:

Daily Contemplation or “Atma Vichara”

Atma Vichara is a yogic practice rooted in ancient yogic scriptures, and is also known as “ātma tattva avalokanam”.
  • It consists of the idea of being in touch with the essence or substance of the Self or ātma
Practicing atma vichara is a powerful daily practice that not only grounds the Self, but also creates space for sustainable spiritual & emotional growth and self-accountability. 

The Name “Indu” & It’s Relationship with The Moon

The letter “i” represents shakti - divine feminine energy in the cosmos. 
The word “Indu” means “moon” 🌕 - the calming & soothing energy of the moon. 
Other names for the moon are Soma (alluding to the divine nectar of the moon) and Chandra (alluding to its bright and glittering light). 

An Introduction To Mudras

Mud - mudita = delight.
dra = draw forth.
“That which draws forth from within the natural state of bliss or delight. It is a becoming.”
Mudra is a state of mind expressed through the body. Every time we practice a mudra we are opening up that pathway for the mind to become that. 
Whenever there is an energy that takes the form of a shape or sound, that is a mudra.
  • Any asana, kriya, mantra chanting or even sitting in meditation is a mudra. 
Every mudra leaves a unique signature on the breath. 
There are many types of mudras: eye mudras, hand mudras, mouth mudras, sound mudras, internal mudras, full body mudras (asanas). 
  • Hand mudras are just the beginning of mudras, much like asanas are just the beginning of yoga.

What Exactly Makes a Mudra

In short: awareness & understanding. 
Any expression of energy can be a mudra, as long as there is awareness being directed to the source energy. All asanas can be a mudra, but not all are. 
  • If you are practicing them robotically without bringing awareness to the underlying energy of that posture, then you are not doing a mudra, just exercise. 
To become mudra, there first needs to be deep awareness, followed by bhavna (sentiment or emotion) & sankalpa (intention). 

The Gyan Mudra (Meditation Mudra or Wisdom Seal)

Probably the most well known mudra of all. 
This mudra represents the totality of samkhya darshan (the philosophy of duality). 
  • Samkhya states that the human experience is constituted by two independent ultimate principles: puruṣa ('consciousness' or spirit/soul); and prakṛti (cognition, mind and emotion, also known as nature or matter)
The three extended fingers represent the three maha gunas (sattva, rajas & tamas), the three doshas (vata, pitta, kapha), the three states of consciousness (awake, dream & dreamless sleep) and the bondage of time (past, present and future).
The index finger represents the prakṛti and the thumb represents the puruṣa
  • When the index finger (prakṛti) moves towards the thumb (puruṣa) for yoga (unity or union) we are beyond all of these sets of three. We are in (or moving towards) the field of transcendence.

How To Properly Approach Mudras

The Importance of Eating With Your Hands

It is the natural way of humans to eat with our hands. 
  • When babies are born their natural tendency is to eat with their hands using the pincer hold. 
Then we are taught otherwise by our parents and told what is civilized and what isn’t.
  • The same thing applies to many other natural (and healthy) tendencies of the body - we hold our flatulences, our need to urinate, our need to burp, we sometimes even apologize after sneezing! All in the name of being more “civilized” or conforming to certain societal norms. 
In Ayurveda we say that you should not suppress any natural urge. 
Eating with one’s hands allows for a full sensory experience that unquestionably leads to satisfaction and contentment.  
When you eat with your hands, you bring all of your fingers together to hold a piece of food - this is in itself a mudra called samana mudra.
  • This mudra enhances digestion and assimilation of food, by means of the samana prana
The five fingers also represent the 5 elements or mahā bhūtas (fire, water, earth, ether & air).
The thumb represents fire 🔥, the pinky represents water💧, the ring finger represents earth 🪨, the middle finger represents space ✨ and the index represents air 💨.
When using all 5 fingers, you are sending a message to your body saying: “may whatever it is that I’m eating bring balance to the 5 mahā bhūtas (and the three doṣas) that reside within me”.

To learn more on this topic read Drop the Utensils, rather: Eat With Your Hands!

The Namaste Mudra

It is done by bringing together the palms of both hands with the fingers all close to each other. 
  • Represents the duality of ida & pingala, of opposing points, with an intent of gentle gratitude, surrender & appreciation.
There are many forms of the namaste mudra:
  • When we’re keeping our hands in front of the chest we’re recognizing the other being with our heart. 
  • When under the nostrils, that is us doing namaskar to our own prana (life-force).
  • When we keep them in front of the forehead, that is something we do in front of teachers or gurus

Recommended Mudras to Practice At Home

  1. Samana mudra to enhance digestion of food
  2. Gyan mudra to bring balance to the body and allow for greater transcendence
  3. Namaste mudra to bring gratitude and humbleness into our consciousness.


Indu's Website HERE

Indu's Instagram (@induaroraHERE


📕 c.

Mudra Training 2022 (October 12-16 at @devanadiyoga) Will be offered hybrid: particularly can join In-Person or Livestream based on convenience and availability.

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Tanning & Meditating on Deer Skin

Dylan Smith Sitting in siddhasana on Deer Skin
Read this whole article before forming any opinion or judgments around the ethics of tanning deer skin.
This article contains photos of deer skin and its flesh.

What Drew Me to Deer Skin

When I met my friend Ei (@buckywardbucksin) she was telling me about all the different animal hinds that she tans.
Tanning is the process of converting animal skin into leather through a variety of methods. It is one of the practices of “Bush Crafts.”
I was interested in this hobby of hers, as I am mostly always interested in practices people use to connect to nature, especially practices that are radical and unfamiliar to me.
When Ei mentioned deer in the animals she was listing, it immediately sparked my interest further.
I thought about all the Yogis, Rishis (seers) and sages of India that historically meditated on deer skin; including my Guru’s Guru, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.
Maharishi's assistants would always carry a deer skin all around the world for him to sit on while he would lecture or meditate.

Not Only Ethical, But Sustainable (for Me)

Ei gets her deer hinds from a hunter in upper New South Wales who hunts for deer meat and sells it commercially.
After skinning the deer, the hunter usually throws out the skin into a landfill.
Instead of that, Ei gets the skin from the hunter (for free) and with absolute reverence for the animal, tans the skin and creates a whole range of things (Ei has a whole wardrobe of different animal hinds which she wears at parties, gatherings and during her vision quests and survival camps in the bush).
Ei is one of the most ecologically sustainable persons I have ever met. She doesn’t waste a thing!
She keeps all the offcuts from her leather that she creates to make handbag handles, she keeps the fur that sheds to make fishing lures, cushion stuffing or gives it to the compost, and keep skin scraps and reject skin offcuts to make a traditional glue (apparently this procedure was used to glue together a crashed plane on a stranded island, and it could fly again).
You’ll get a deeper insight into Ei’s sustainability throughout this article.
Due to the ethics and sustainability of this practice, my desire to connect with nature through animals, and a desire to own a deer skin to meditate on, even as a strict vegetarian (I eat eggs occasionally) for nearly a decade…
I would join Ei for 4 long days of tanning my own deer hind.

Meditating on Deer Skin

Why the Yogis and Rishis meditated or sat on deer skin:
  • Deer skin offers a soft and cushioning experience, which supports a more comfortable meditation.
  • It is said that the deer skin prevented unwanted intruders such as ants, snakes, insects and scorpions from crawling on its surface and harming the meditating yogis.
  • Deer skin effectively isolates the earth's magnetism, assisting in an unbounded cosmic experience.
  • During meditation, the energy flows upwards towards the crown, and deer skin acts to insulate against the downward pull of the earth's energy field.
  • The deer skin in its natural form (tanning it with natural substances) still has Prana (life-force) in it, which influences the meditator who sits on it.

Deer skin effectively isolates the earth's magnetism, assisting in an unbounded cosmic experience.

Why Deer?

Deer is a Sattvic (pure) animal.

Deers are herbivores or vegetarian. They are also very gentle (sattvic) creatures. The energy which is stored in their skin is considered pure and sattvic, unlike other animal skins which may transmit impurities or bad energies to those who sit upon them.
The deer skin is believed to enhance the solitary tranquility and awareness required by a a meditator or yogi who intends to go very deep (recluse / sanyasi type of people) as they absorb the pure sattvic energy as they sit.
Swami Brahmananda Saraswati
Swami Brahmananda Saraswati (a.k.a. Guru Dev) meditating on deer skin
Note that other sattvic herbivores may not produce the “neutral” effects of the deer.
You may have seen Yogis or Rishis sitting on tiger skin. This was more commonly used in invoking the wrathful aspects of consciousness or deities, and denotes rajas (stimulating and dynamic energy) rather than sattva.
Tiger skin is more powerful than deer skin, but is only to be used by yogis with great mastery over their passions or lust (kama) and anger (krodha).
Ramana Maharishi sitting on tiger skin - picture taken around 1930 in India

The relationship between Deer and the Mind

Deer represent the fickle nature (chamchalatī -  चंचलता) of the mind. 
Just as the deer wanders around elusively and is hard to catch, so is the mind. It is always wandering and it is challenging to stabilise a coherent composure with self-mastery over the mind.
This is why it is difficult for people to initiate into meditation or find extended periods of deep meditation challenging (8+ hours/day, usually relevant for reclusive ascetics / “Sanyasis”.).
This is why the texts conveying Lord Śiva (the destruction operator) sitting on Deer skin or holding a Deer in his hands represent the mastery a yogi can have over his mind.
Even in Buddhism, deer or antelope skins serve as meditation seats (asanas) for Buddhist yogis.
Lord Shiva holding a deer in his hand, sitting on a cow next to his wife Parvati
Lord Shiva holding a deer in one of his hands & Uma/Parvati sitting next to him
The Bhagavad Gita (a spiritual story and the most commentated text in the world) especially mentions deer skin for the purpose of a asana (seat) inverse (6.11):
In a clean place, having established a firm seat of his own, neither very high nor very low, covered with cloth, deer skin and kusa grass…

Deer Skin Absorbs Shakti (Divine Energy)

The skin absorbs some of the extra shakti generated during practice and becomes a valuable and nourishing aid each time you sit on it.
This is why people value the seats or cloths that gurus sit on, or the malas (necklaces) that they wear, because it absorbs their potent shakti.


1. Acquire a Dead Animal or Animal Skin

This can be done in many ways such as:
  • Scavenging skins that hunters usually dispose of (we did this)
  • Harvesting roadkill (has to be warm/a fresh kill)
  • And of course hunting (if you choose this, we recommend to do sustainably with reverence)
Freshly harvested deer skin

2. Skin the deer

While the dead animal is still “warm”, skin it and preserve the skin in a freezer or salt or start the tanning process. This prevents “hair slip” - which is when the fur falls out, and from going rotten.
Unfortunately, I missed this as I had to travel for Eis workshop.
This would have been (emotionally) hard for me to see, and definitely harder to do myself, but I believe it is crucial to be able to handle whatever substance you are utilising in all its forms and stages, including its raw and gruesome forms.
For tanning leather when keeping the fur, the whole time you are working on the “inside” of the skin.

3. Scrape Off Excess Fat and Flesh

Following these steps:
  1. Once you have the skin, prop it up on a smooth log (Ei made this little apparatus).
  2. Keep some towels below the skin as padding so the skin doesn’t cut against the wood.
  3. Keep some plastic against you for cleanliness.
  4. Using a specific scraper, scrape off the remaining flesh, fat and bone-marrow. This can be kept for your pet dog to eat.
Dylan Smith scraping remains off the dear skin
This was the most confronting part for me: receiving the fleshy skin from the hunter. I wasn’t expected to be confronted or grossed out. But being a vegetarian for nearly a decade and having aversion to meat, it was like being a butcher. I soon got over it and was less previous about my hands getting dirty.
Here was a profound and beautiful connection with the individual soul of this deer. Although only the skin and some flesh remained, a unique Prana (life-force) of that soul still emanated out of the skin.
I could further understand why burning bodies assists in liberating the soul from earth into the other realms (lokas).

4. Tie Up the Skin on a Rack/Frame

Ei made these wooden frames to fit the skin.
Following these steps:
  1. Hammer in nails that stick out a couple of inches apart.
  2. Cut a hole around the edges of the skin. Use a sharp knife. It would be good to have something like a hole puncher.
  3. Using a strong steel cable or wire rope, thread through the holes and tie up to the nails to stretch the skin.
  4. Don’t tie tight as it will be adjusting as you go around the skin and frame.
  5. It’s really good to use the “Rolling Hitch Knot” as you can adjust the tightness or loosens.
Deer skin and wooden rack laying on the floor
Dylan Smith tying up deer skin to a wooden rack

5. Rack and Dry

Leave in a warm and dry place to dry.
Deer skin left to dry in the sun

6. Scrape Remaining Flesh & Membrane

  • With a specific scraper, scrape the remaining flesh and membrane.
  • This will kind of be like shaving off dried meat.
  • Don’t go too hard to rip the skin, but it is pretty sturdy.

7. Dress the Skin in Brains

  • We use the brains of that animal as an emulsifying agent.
  • Basically painting fats of the brain into the skin to replace mucous.
  • The fats of the brains are dissolved and cooked in water to make the emulsifying agent.
  • It is basically a primal and the most suitable leather conditioner.
  • It is said every animal has enough brains to dress their own skin.
  • We could not get the brain of the deer, so we got the brain of goats from a local butcher.

8. Sow Up Any Holes

  • Any holes or tears to sow up can be done now (or basically anytime in the process).
  • This is important before softening as the softening may stretch tears that are present.
  • The fibre for sowing can be sinew harvested from a kangaroo tail or similar fibre threads.

9. Softening

  • This is the most laborious and trickiest part.
  • While the skin is tied up to the rack and wet with the brains, it becomes soft and moist.
  • With a thick wooden stick or (traditionally) the elbow bone of the animal, push the stick into the skin, softening and loosening it. You are basically opening up the fibres of the skin to allow the brains to penetrate into the fibres.
Dylan Smith softening deer hind
  • You are doing this while the skin is drying. So basically, you are “fighting” against the drying process - as the skin is drying, the fibres close, tighten up and become rough. The constant “digging” or pushing into the skin is down the opposite - it is loosening and softening the skin. You basically have to do this for a whole day until the skin is dry. This way, it didn’t dry by itself and became shrivelled up and hard. It dried while you were working against that process so it didn’t shrink to much and get hard.
  • Doing this in a warm environment will make the process quicker and less laborious. You don’t want it to be too warm or you won’t “keep up” the drying/tightening process. When I did it, it was raining and cold, so I softened in a small shed with a heater on.

10. Smoking

  • The hard part is done.
  • The hind now needs to be smoked to get rid of all bacteria. This will help preserve the hind and prevent hair slip.
  • For smoking we used a homemade denim smoker made by genius Ei. Literally recycled denim jeans with some racks inside.
  • We clipped the hind inside the denim. For smaller hinds/skins, you can make a mini clothes line inside the smoker.
  • We burnt Pandanus wood from the local palm-like native shrub because the wood burns really well and long. We the burning wood in a large tin in the smoker for the whole day and re-lit the wood only 1-2x.

11. Wash and Dry

  • Only wash when the weather is warm enough to dry the skin.
  • Hand wash the hind with a wool softener or baby shampoo in a bathtub or big bucket.
  • Wash till the water is pretty clean.
  • Washing is to remove the strong smoky smell.
  • Dry in the sun or warm environment.
  • I made the mistake of washing on a rainy day and hence dried it in front of a gas heater that was too hot. This made it way too dry and hard, and I had to later do another softening!!
Deer skin laying in the sun

12. Trim and Finish

  • Cut off with quality scissors the holes, tears, off-pieces to shape the edges well.
  • Cut the offshoots in a shape where you can reuse them - sowing together for handbag handles or glue.
  • It’s ready!
There are heaps of different ways to tan animal skins.
There is vegetable tanning (tanning with plants like the decoction of certain barks. In Australia, wattle bark is traditionally used).
If you want to learn more or even attend a workshop, contact Ei on Instagram (@backyardbuckskin).
I loved getting an insight into this primal bushcraft, and can’t wait to explore it further to more deeply honor the animal kingdom.
Have you ever tanned animal hind or own any? Comment below 👇

The Lowdown On GHEE

What Is Ghee

Ghee is the crown jewel that joins Ayurvedic medicine and Indian cooking.

Ghee is clarified or purified butter.

Butter is boiled in a specific way & the lactose components & milk solids are separated and strained to produce this concentrated golden substance, ghee. Hence, mostly no-one is allergic to ghee. It’s a totally new product after the cooking process.

This is why "lactose intolerant" individuals can consume ghee with ease.

Today’s western health scene is becoming aware and finally recognising the benefits of this “superfood,” that has been used in India for centuries.

Let me explain the many benefits of using ghee in your everyday cooking...

The History of Ghee

For centuries it has been used as a cooking fat and a food ingredient, but true Ayurvedic tradition uses it in various medicinal preparations. It is still today used in ritual as an esteemed offering.

The Rk Veda (a 3,500+ year-old ancient Sanskrit scripture) says:

This is the secret name of ghee:
“Tongue of the gods”

“Navel of immortality.”
"Streams of ghee caress the burning wood."
"Agni, the fire, loves them and is satisfied."

This indicates that ghee is superb at nourishing the metabolic fires (agni), promotes longevity and is a powerful medium to carry prayer, mantra and intention to feed the Gods (the higher aspects of ourselves) through feeding the fire.

Science Comparing Cooking Oils

If you have a small fire with embers burning and you pour some extra-virgin organic olive oil on that fire - the fire will go out.
If you pour some ghee on the fire - the fire will roar!

Same is with your digestive fire!
Ghee stimulates digestion, enzymes and helps breakdown food. (Food will not give any nourishment until it is broken down).

Most Compatible Fat for The Human Body

Ghee is so critical for the health of the gut and immunity that the colon literally makes its own ghee (butyric acid).

Research has attested to the fact that the beneficial microbes in the gut actually make their own butyric acid, the active ingredient in butter – and even more concentrated in ghee!

Butryic acid is where the world "butter" came from.


This high-quality fat is known to pull toxins out of the tissues, while simultaneously driving nutrients deep into the cells.
Many people know of the new health-craze-ritual “oil pulling,” where you swish oil in the mouth to pull out toxins, strengthen teeth and gums and many more benefits.
Ghee is doing this action of “Pulling toxins out”of your gut!

The ghee has a lipophilic effect on other fatty acids and fatty toxins (meaning these toxic fats are attracted to other fats like ghee), acting like a chelating agent to pull stored fat soluble toxins out of the body and back into the intestines to be eliminated by the body.

Fat Metabolism

Depending on what your body needs, you can put on or loose weight when you incorporate ghee into your diet.

Ghee Enhances Your Metabolism - It enkindles your digestive fire to help you to process the food you eat into a thin nutrient fluid (rasa) which nourishes tissues, rather than turning into thick toxic fluid that deposits into the fat tissue (and other tissues).

Note if you are underweight, ghee will help you put on weight since it assists in tissue nourishment.

Ghee enhances muscle growth (mamsa dhatu vardhaka), which contributes to weight loss, lowers triglycerides and lowers insulin resistance, thus prevents diabetes.

Ghee improves ratio of lean mass to body fat. It decreases fat deposition, especially in the abdomen.

Ghee Balances Cholesterol & Heart Health

Ghee prevents heart disease and cholesterol issues by making the arteries more flexible and lubricated.

Unlike other oils that may easily oxidise, become rancid or create trans fatty acids that clog arteries and cause havoc on the liver. Ghee is one of the best sources of CLA (Conjugated linoleic acid), which prevents inflammation in artery walls and hardening of the arteries (plaque formation).

+ there are loads more benefits of this high source of CLA. There is SO much more to this Ojas increasing, intelligence boosting and sacred sattvic lubricating fat.

Helps Prevent Cancer

Ghee is the highest natural source of Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) (3.7%): the only acid that is anti-cancer, (no other fat oil has linoleic acid apart from safflower oil which has 2.5%).

Counters Body Dryness

Constipation, stiff bones/joints, osteoporosis, dry skin, etc.

Ghee lubricates the organs and the hardened connective tissues, also making the body more flexible.

More Medicinal Qualities

  • Ghee Nourishes Ojas (our immune system and the final end product of digestion) as well as Prana (our life force) and all of our tissues as it is warmly welcomed to penetrate and do its job in the body.
  • Ghee increases intelligence, refines the intellect and improves memory. "Ghritena Vardhate Buddhi."
  • Ghee increases the strength, luster and beauty of the body, slows the ageing process and improves our longevity.
  • Fantastic lip balm for dry and cracked lips.
  • Ghee has the perfect ratio of omega-3:omega-9 fatty acids.
  • Ghee has Vitamins A, D, E and K.
  • Ghee is a very, very stable oil with a smoke point of 252 degrees celcius, making it the safest oil and fat to cook with. (Use as a replacement for cooking oil and butter).

Vital Vedas Ghee

Eating ghee doesn’t only taste amazing, it makes happy beneficial bacteria in your precious gut – the site of digestion and nutrient assimilation, the production of many mood-regulating neurotransmitters and the maintenance of strong immunity.

According to Ayurveda, digestion is everything, so feed your digestive tract the food of the gods – beautiful, luminescent, glorious, golden ghee.

Vital Veda's Glorious Homemade Ghee

Obviously, obtaining and using quality ghee is key. I make ghee at specific times of the day, at auspicious times of the year and with the moon to align with the energetic fields and to increase consciousness flow (Soma) to emotionally charge and support the beneficial microbiology in this golden oil.

Love, Vitality and Nourishment from the Holy Cow!

Dylan Smith
a.k.a. "Gheeru"

Do you use ghee? What about make your own? Comment below.